College writing styles

How to Properly Format Your Papers Knowing the Styles and When to Use Them In academic writing, how you present your information technically is often seen as important as the ideas you are putting forth. Proper citing, quoting and referencing of source material allows you to convey your breadth of research in a language commonly shared by others in your discipline. Giving others a chance to review and compare your work under these established guidelines enables your instructors to better see the work on its own merits, opposed to getting sidetracked by technical inefficiencies. You MUST follow the rules like every other student:

College writing styles

Course policies Writing has long served both as a tool of instruction and of evaluation in higher education. Indeed, the integrative nature of writing combined with the rigor and complexity of the process make writing an ideal tactic for promoting learning at the college level.

In the area of college learning, learning style models have addressed the role of beliefs about learning as related to strategies along a process continuum: Thus, writing styles represent qualitative variations in the ways that writers go about their writing tasks.

The basic distinction is between a deep writing style, which involves beliefs about writing as a tool of meaning and a high degree of personal involvement, and surface writing style, which is basically reproductive or repetitive; the goal is just to get done or to please the teacher. In researching the writing processes of second-graders, Graves found two distinct writing styles; reactive writers who focused at the word level with little reflection or concern for audience, and reflective writers who reread periodically and exhibited a growing sense of self-expression and audience.

Similarly, Scardamalia and Bereiter differentiated between a "knowledge telling" vs. Graves defined the writers; reflective and reactive, and Scardamalia and Bereiter have described the corresponding strategies; "knowledge-transforming" and "knowledge-telling.

The "essay as argument" conception College writing styles cited as the most explicit and sophisticated in that it represented a concern for the essay as an integrated whole with a distinctive perspective supported by evidence.

The essay as "viewpoint" conception differed from the argument conception in that the role of data is not explicitly considered as impacting on thesis. Rather, ideas are organized to support a distinctive point of view.

From the viewpoint perspective, interrelations between data and a perhaps well-organized format may not be clear.

The "arrangement" conception is defined as an ordered presentation of facts and ideas. The process is basically reproductive and superficial. In particular, the Poetic dimension included personal meaning and self-expression with the Growth conception related to intellectual development, deep writing.

College writing styles

The third scale, Method described students who followed the rules and the Surface orientation described concern for correctness of form--a more superficial or surface approach. Thus, the deep perspective on the meaning of written composition incorporates beliefs about oneself as an agent in making meaning an arguer vs.

In contrast, surface conceptions include emphasis on ordering or listing data and little personal involvement in an effort to "tell something.

The basic distinction is between deep learners who display a "meaningful" orientation, are more personally involved and see the task as a whole, and surface learners who view the task as a demand, see the parts as unrelated, and rely on memorization or reproduction strategies.

Biggs has noted: The affective orientation of students with a deep approach starts with an intrinsic interest in the task and the expectation of enjoyment in carrying it out. Consequently, they adopt strategies that are likely to help satisfy their curiosity by searching for meanings inherent in the task.

Students adopting a surface approach are instrumentally or pragmatically motivated. A task, such as an essay, is seen as a demand to be met, a necessary imposition if a longer-term goal is to be achieved.

The general strategy to which this orientation gives rise is to focus on what are seen to be essentials, usually factual data, and to reproduce them as accurately as possible p.

In applying the learning styles theory to college writing, Biggs argued for the deep and surface approaches as linked to level and structure of writing processes and outcomes, and Lavelle operationalized that model in developing the Inventory of Processes in College Composition, identifying both deep and surface styles as well as related "substyles.

The second factor, "Low Self-Efficacy," describes a highly fearful writer inclined to doubt ability and to think about writing as a painful task, a surface approach. Reflective revisionists take charge in writing to make a meaning.

The fourth factor, "Spontaneous Impulsive," profiles an impulsive and indeliberate orientation and the "Procedural" style represents a method-oriented preference based on adherence to rules and a minimal amount of involvement; both surface orientations.

College writing styles

This suggests that although the original inventory identified five styles, two more general styles provide a more basic understanding of the nature of writing processes.MLA, APA, & CMS: How to Properly Format Your Papers Knowing the Styles and When to Use Them.

In academic writing, how you present your information (technically) is often seen as important as the ideas you are putting forth.

Aug 31,  · While there are as many writer's styles as there are writers, there are only four general purposes that lead someone to write a piece, and these are known as the four styles, or types, of writing.

Knowing all four different types and their usages is important for any grupobittia.coms: The reasons for this struggle are numerous, including the various writing styles and the difference between college professors’ expectations and high school teachers’ expectations.

Research, however, confirms that students who master the art of writing for multiple audiences at the beginning of their college experience graduate as the. College writing, also called academic writing, is assigned to teach you the critical thinking and writing skills needed to communicate in courses and in the workplace.


To acquire and practice these skills, you are asked to write many different types of assignments under different circumstances. An "interactive Web tool designed to assist high school, college, and university students, their teachers, and independent researchers in their effort to respect other people's intellectual properties" (from the .

Effectively writing different types of essays has become critical to academic success. Essay writing is a common school assignment, a part of standardized tests, and a requirement on college applications.

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