Battles emerged over the westward expansion of slavery and over the role of the federal government in protecting the interests of slaveholders.
Thomas Jefferson, Third U. President Jefferson is a central figure in early American history, highly praised for his political leadership, but also criticized for the role of slavery in his private life.
He championed equality, democracy and republicanism, attacking aristocratic and monarchistic tendencies. He was a leader in American independence, advocated religious freedom and tolerance, and opposed the centralizing tendencies of the urban financial elite.
He formed the second national political party and led it to dominance inthen worked for western expansion and exploration. Critics decry the contradiction between his ownership of hundreds of slaves and his famous declaration that "all men are created equal", and argue that he fathered children with his slave mistress.
For example, into pay for the rapidly expanding army and navy, the Federalists had enacted a new tax on houses, land and slaves, affecting every property owner in the country.
In the Fries's Rebellion hundreds of farmers in Pennsylvania revolted—Federalists saw a breakdown in civil society. Some tax resisters were arrested—then pardoned by Adams. Republicans denounced this action as an example of Federalist tyranny.
Jefferson enjoyed extraordinary favor because of his appeal to American idealism. In his inaugural address, the first such speech in the new capital of Washington, DChe promised "a wise and frugal government" to preserve order among the inhabitants but would "leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry, and improvement".
Believing America to be a haven for the oppressed, he reduced the residency requirement for naturalization back to five years again. This was accomplished by reducing the number of executive department employees and Army and Navy officers and enlisted men, and by otherwise curtailing government and military spending.
Jefferson's domestic policy was uneventful and hands-off, the administration mainly concerning itself with foreign affairs and particularly territorial expansion.
Except for Gallatin's reforms, their main preoccupation was purging the government of Federalist judges. The president and his associates were widely distrustful of the judicial branch, especially because Adams had made several "midnight" appointments prior to leaving office in March In Marbury vs Madisonthe Supreme Court under John Marshall established the precedent of being able to review and overturn legislation passed by Congress.
This upset Jefferson to the point where his administration began opening impeachment hearings against judges that were perceived as abusing their power. The attempted purge of the judicial branch reached its climax with the trial of Justice Samuel Chase.
When Chase was acquitted, Jefferson abandoned his campaign. To protect its shipping interests overseas, the U. This was followed later by the Second Barbary War With the upcoming expiration of the year ban on Congressional action on the subject, Jefferson, a lifelong enemy of the slave trade, called on Congress to criminalize the international slave trade, calling it "violations of human rights which have been so long continued on the unoffending inhabitants of Africa, and which the morality, the reputation, and the best interests of our country have long been eager to proscribe.
Louisiana Purchase and War of The Louisiana Purchase in gave Western farmers use of the important Mississippi River waterway, removed the French presence from the western border of the United States, and, most important, provided U.DBQ Nationalism And Sectionalism.
The Era of Good Feeling: The Effects and Consequences of Nationalism and Sectionalism In , shortly before the start of James Monroe’s presidency and after the War of , a historical period known as the “Era of Good Feeling” commenced in America.
President John Adams resources including biographies, election results, family information, speeches, and more. What is NATIONALISM?
First, let’s define NATION.
A large group of people united by common descent, history, culture, or language, living in a particular area. This mural, created over eighty years after Brown’s death, captures the violence and religious fervor of the man and his era.
John Steuart Curry, Tragic Prelude, , Kansas State Capitol. Play a game of Kahoot! here.
Kahoot! is a free game-based learning platform that makes it fun to learn – any subject, in any language, on any device, for all ages! The Impact of Religion on Political Structure - From the beginning of time the world has had a need for a higher power.
Great battles have been won or lost in the name of religion, or a holy divinity.