Visit Website When Alexander was 13, Philip called on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son. Visit Website Alexander was just 16 when Philip went to battle the Byzantiums and left him in charge of Macedonia. Alexander put his vigor and bravery on display, and his cavalry decimated the Band of Thebes. Alexander Becomes King In B.
Alexander the Great Alexander the Great B. He succeeded in forging the largest Western empire of the ancient world. With his Macedonian forces Alexander subdued and united the Greeks and reestablished the Corinthian League after almost a century of warfare between the Greek city-states following the Peloponnesian War.
His campaigns were not only wars of liberation of Greek colonies in Asia Minor but also revenge for Persian depredations in Greece in years past. He died in Babylon contemplating the conquest of Carthage and perhaps Rome. His legacy was a fragmented empire, but he had inspired a new Hellenistic age of cosmopolitan culture.
Alexander was born in B. Since his paternal grandmother, Eurydice, was an Illyrian, Alexander was barely Macedonian in blood but clearly so in temperament. Of average height, he had deep-set dark eyes which shone out beneath a heavy brow, and a mass of dark, curly hair.
As a youth, Alexander rarely saw his father, who was embroiled in long military campaigns and numerous love affairs. Philip had hired Leonidas to train the youth in arithmetic, horsemanship, and archery.
This delighted Olympias, for her family claimed the hero as an ancestor. In Philip summoned the philosopher and scientist Aristotle from Lesbos to tutor Alexander. For 3 years in the rural Macedonian village of Mieza, Aristotle instructed Alexander and a small group of friends in philosophy, government, politics, poetry and drama, and the sciences.
Aristotle prepared a shortened edition of the Iliad, which Alexander always kept with him. Beginnings of the Soldier The education at Mieza ended in While Philip campaigned against Byzantium, he left the year-old prince as regent in Pella.
Within a year Alexander undertook his first expedition against the Thracian tribes, and in he led the Companion Cavalry and helped his father smash the Athenian and Theban forces at Chaeronea.
The brief relationship and military cooperation with his father ended soon after Philip had united all the Greek states except Sparta into the Corinthian League, over which Philip then governed as military leader. In the festival procession Philip was assassinated by a young Macedonian noble, Pausanias.
The reason for the act was never discovered. Alexander then systematically killed all possible royal claimants to the throne, and Olympias murdered the daughter of Philip and Cleopatra and forced Cleopatra to commit suicide.
Although elected feudal king of Macedon, Alexander did not thus automatically gain command of the Corinthian League.Alexander the Great; Basileus of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders.
Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in Father: Philip II of Macedon. Alexander the Great >Alexander the Great ( B.C.) was the king of Macedon, the leader of >the Corinthian League, and the conqueror of Persia.
He succeeded in forging >the largest Western empire of the ancient world. Alexander the Great became king of Macedon in BC, when he was only 20 years old, and died at the age of 32, twelve years later.
During his reign he conquered the Achaemenid Persian Empire, the largest empire that had ever existed, leading his army from Greece to Pakistan, and from the Libyan desert to the steppes of Central grupobittia.coms: 6.
Whether Alexander the Great was Greek or just loved things Greek is not important.
What is important is that he spread Greek ideas throughout the world in what is known as the Hellenistic Period and was perhaps the most important single person in western civilization with the possible exception of Jesus Christ..
During the classical period in Athens, the Macedonians, to the north, were. The Hellenistic World ("Hellenistic" from the Greek word Hellas for Greece) is the known world after the conquests of Alexander the Great and corresponds roughly with the Hellenistic Period of ancient Greece, from BCE (Alexander’s death) to the annexation of Greece by Rome in /6 BCE (although Rome’s rule ended Greek independence .
Identified by his mass of leonine hair, his young idealized face, and his deep-set, upturned eyes, Alexander the Great was the first Greek ruler to understand and exploit the propagandistic powers of portraiture.