If I had thought your reluctance arose from proper deliberation, or that you was capable of judgeing what was most for your own benifit, I should not have urged you to have accompanied your Father and Brother when you appeared so averse to the voyage.
You will perhaps wonder, how such a Declaration would have influenced our Affairs, in Canada, but if I could write with Freedom I could easily convince you, that it would, and explain to you the manner how. And in real, sincere Expectation of this Event, which they so fondly wished, they have been slow and languid, in promoting Measures for the Reduction of that Province.
Others there are in the Colonies who really wished that our Enterprise in Canada would be defeated, that the Colonies might be brought into Danger and Distress between two Fires, and be thus induced to submit.
Others really wished to defeat the Expedition to Canada, lest the Conquest of it, should elevate the Minds of the People too much to hearken to those Terms of Reconciliation which they believed would be offered Us.
These jarring Views, Wishes and Designs, occasioned an opposition to many salutary Measures, which were proposed for the Support of that Expedition, and caused Obstructions, Embarrassments and studied Delays, which have finally, lost Us the Province.
All these Causes however in Conjunction would not have disappointed Us, if it had not been for a Misfortune, which could not be foreseen, and perhaps could not have been prevented, I mean the Prevalence of the small Pox among our Troops.
This fatal Pestilence compleated our Destruction. But on the other Hand, the Delay of this Declaration to this Time, has many great Advantages attending it. But the Day is past. I can see that the End is more than worth all the Means.
Since this is a celebrated letter, several small but characteristic stylistic revisions made by JA when preparing his fair copy the RC from his draft the LbC have been recorded in the notes below.
For the early celebrity and textual garbling of this letter, in conjunction with the preceding letter of this date, see note 9.
Here and below, suspension points are in MS. Preceding three words added in RC. This word added in RC. Preceding five words added in RC. But the history of their early publication and textual garbling offers a striking illustration of how difficult it is to overcome popular errors, or, to invert an idealistic saying, how error, crushed to earth, will rise again.
Warren points out that the two JA letters to his wife dated 3 July were apparently first printed the first of them with an indicated omission at the beginning of the text in the Universal Asylum and Columbian Magazine for May 8: The direction at the foot of the text reads: In one case the hybrid document with its erroneous date appeared in the very same issue of a paper to which JA contributed autobiographical recollections on another subject; see the Boston Patriot, 4 July Doubtless other papers did so too.
Editor Niles caved in too. Charles Francis Adams, Boston, ; 2 vols. With a Memoir of Mrs. Charles Francis Adams, New York, Presumably the doctored text published in the Boston Gazette of 4 July was the one concocted by Shaw, but the present editors have not found the evidence on which CFA attributed it to him.That version remained standard through the first half of the century, even after correct (though normalized) texts from the recipient’s copies had been printed in JA’s Letters description begins Letters of John Adams, Addressed to His Wife, ed.
Charles Francis Adams, Boston, ; . john adams to abigail adams "As to your extraordinary code of laws, I cannot but laugh.
"We have been told that our struggle has loosened the bonds of government everywhere; that children and apprentices were disobedient; that schools and colleges were grown turbulent; that Indians slighted their guardians, and negroes grew insolent to their masters.
But your Letter was the first Intimation that another Tribe more numerous and powerfull than all the rest were grown discontented. -- This is rather too coarse a Compliment but you are so saucy, I wont blot it .
AA apparently dated RC as “Janry. 12 ,” thus accounting for JQA’s docketing and the date under which CFA printed this letter in AA, Letters, description begins Letters of Mrs. Adams, the Wife of John Adams. Original manuscript: Adams, Abigail.
Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams, 31 March - 5 April Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams, 31 March - 5 April 4 pages. John Adams to Abigail Adams Philadelphia July 3d. Had a Declaration of Independency been made seven Months ago, it would have been attended with many great and glorious Effects 1 We might before this Hour, have formed Alliances with foreign States.—We should have mastered Quebec and been in Possession of Canada.