Therefore, I set out to find a dissertation that uses a phenomenological research. The dissertation was designed to investigate the experiences of elementary principals undertaking dual career relationships with children below the age of 18 years. The study participants were eight. From the outset it is clear to see that this was a phenomenological study because the study was designed to investigate the experiences of eight participants against one phenomenon.
Mark G Bound, Ph. Qualitative Method of Research: Phenomenological Mark George Bound, Ph. Phenomenological Research This course identifies five different methods of qualitative research inquiry, narrative, phenomenological, participatory action, grounded theory, ethnographic, and case study Campbell, Introduction to Methods of Qualitative Research: Of these, phenomenology begins with an experience or condition and, through the narration of participants, of either a shared single incident or shared condition, investigates the effects and perceptions of that experience.
Simply, the phenomenological method interprets an experience or fact, by listening to the different stories of the participants. The method examines the phenomena through the subjective eyes of the participants.
Phenomenon are not limited to historical events or frames of linear time. A shared phenomenon can also be a shared condition, such as women who have been abused Campbell, Introduction to Methods of Qualitative Research: Video Series, 2. However for ease and continuity the following examples will relate to phenomenon of a linear variety.
On a grand time scale phenomenology offers the researcher the ability to examine the different perspectives of participants of lengthy experiences such as those who survived the holocaust.
However phenomenology also offers the researcher the ability to examine the cumulative experience of participants as they relate to a single point in time, such as the moment a team wins the World Series.
The second example illustrates how researches have the ability to examine a single phenomenon or fact from a plethora of perspectives and demographics. From the experience perspective of the winning team and their fans or the opposite perspective, examining the experience from the standpoint of the losing team and their fans.
In phenomenology the shared experience of a single life event, be the event lengthy or a matter of seconds, is focal point of the research, not the event itself.
Research conclusions do not investigate the holocaust as a phenomenon, but rather the experiences of the participants as they participated in that phenomenon, which in turn allows a deeper understanding of the phenomenon through examination of those experiences.
This course and some literature identify two types or elements to phenomenology, hermeneutic and transcendental or philosophical Campbell, Introductive Methods to Qualitative Research: Hermeneutics originally had a different method of research focus than is described in this course.
Hermeneutics has expanded its meaning and focus over the years. Willis identifies theorists who extend hermeneutics even further.
However for the purpose of this paper, an introductory examination of the method, the acknowledgement of different foundations of hermeneutics will suffice.
As shall be shown later this principle is essential to effective data analysis.Phenomenology in business research focuses on experiences, events and occurrences with disregard or minimum regard for the external and physical reality. Phenomenology, also known as non-positivism, is a variation of interpretivism, along with other variations such as .
specific study, illustrates the phenomenological methodology. After a brief overview of the developments of phenomenology, the research paradigm of the specific study follows.
The second step in the methodology of phenomenological research is, “bracket and interpret researcher bias and expectations” (Campbell, Introductive Methods to Qualitative Research: Course Notes, n.d., p.
4). This is identified as a best practice of the method (Campbell, Introductive Methods to Qualitative Research: Course Notes, n.d., p.
4). The phenomenological design being a qualitative research methodology aims at formulating research questions that draw rich experiences of the participants and deep meaning (Creswell, Hanson, Clark Plano, and Morales, ).
in Qualitative Research Many phenomenological methodologies have been developed and used by qualitative researchers to review individuals’ experiences.
Phenomenology for organizational research, descriptive phenomenological method, hermeneutic phenomenology, interpretive phenomenology, and interpretative phenomenological . The methodology used in phenomenology differs than most other research methodology because the goal is to describe a lived experience, rather than to explain or quantify it in any way.
Explain the steps involved in analyzing phenomenological data Discuss the interpretation of phenomenological data. Qualitative health research.