These are basically unresolvable with anything less than a lifetime of philosophical work, but they usually allow mutual understanding and respect. More detail on what I mean by each level: Meta-debate is discussion of the debate itself rather than the ideas being debated.
There are three types of argument strategies: Classical, Rogerian and Toulmin. You can choose one of these or combine them to create your own argument paper. Classical Argument Strategy This strategy that you feel strongly about and when you feel you have a good chance of convincing your audience to agree with you.
Your audience may be uninformed, or they may not have a strong opinion. Your job is to make them care about the topic and agree with your position. Here is the basic outline of a classical argument paper: Summarizes arguments, suggests solution and ties into the introduction or background.
Classical Strategy Rogerian Strategy Rogerian argument strategy attempts to persuade by finding points of compromise and agreement. It is an appropriate technique to use in highly polarized debates, but you must be sincere about willingness to compromise and change your point of view for the reader to take you seriously.
Qualities of this strategy: The author is Reasonable: Present your character as a person who understands and empathizes with the opposition. Often this means you state opposing position fairly and sympathetically.
Creating an Argument Outline. Although there is no set model of organization for argumentative essays, there are some common patterns that writers might use or that writers might want to combine/customize in an effective way. To see the summary written based on those notes, click here. Summarizing argumentative or theoretical texts. Summarizing conceptually more complex texts may be different from summarizing factual texts. In , Paul Graham wrote How To Disagree Better, ranking arguments on a scale from name-calling to explicitly refuting the other person’s central point.. And that’s why, ever since , Internet arguments have generally been civil and productive. Graham’s hierarchy is useful for its intended purpose, but it isn’t really a hierarchy of disagreements.
Establish common ground in beliefs and values you share Example: As the dominant species, we do have responsibilities. Be willing to change views and show where your position could be modified.
It is a good idea to invest in trying to find ways to get information without using live animals in experiments. Direct your argument toward a compromise or workable solution.
Toulmin Strategy Toulmin is another strategy to use in a highly charged debate. Instead of attempting to appeal to commonalities, however, this strategy attempts to use clear logic and careful qualifiers to limit the argument to things that can be agreed upon.
It uses this format: Pornography on The Internet is bad for kids. Government should regulate Internet pornography.
The statement that explains how the data backs up the claim. Government regulation works in other instances. Additional logic and reasoning. We have lots of other government regulations on media. In most cases, the government should regulate pornography.
This further limits the claim by describing situations the writer would exclude. Where children are not involved in pornography, regulation may not be urgent. For instructions and examples on easy ways to write a good thesis statement for an argument essay see:When students are writing an argumentative essay, The placement of the refutation paragraph depends on the logical organization of the essay, and writers need to develop a clear outline in order to decide where the refutation section will be placed.
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Argumentative essay outline. Structure of Argumentative essay: Introduction, body, conclusion paragraphs. I am a lead pencil–the ordinary wooden pencil familiar to all boys and girls and adults who can read and write.
[From “I, Pencil”]. Creating an Argument Outline. Although there is no set model of organization for argumentative essays, there are some common patterns that writers might use or that writers might want to combine/customize in an effective way.