In antiquity, the Great Pyramid of Giza the only wonder from the original list still standingthe statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Colossus of Rhodes a new gigantic, version of which is being built todayand others were among the occupants of the list. In fact, it is not a single wonder, but a whole list of them, but they all revolve around one question: Why do people hate Jews?
Ask one group to work on encouraging and the other on discouraging situations.
Each group member should try to think of at least one situation. Jog their memory by giving them some examples child wanting to play with bigger children, certain school situations, situations in the family, situations at work, discussions on topics where they felt they were expert or were not informed.
Encourage them to share some of these stories amongst each others within their respective group. Attitudes and behaviour conducive to participatory processes Prepare a presentation on positive attitudes and behaviours for participatory processes see below.
Participatory Attitudes and Behaviour Generally speaking, participation is a collective action aimed at achieving a common objective- it means "taking part" and "getting involved". The main task of the facilitator is therefore to encourage, prepare and involve people in a process or activity.
In a participatory process, persons or groups share knowledge, ideas, opinions, votes, materials, resources, labour, finances in order to reach a common agreement or to make joint decisions in a transparent way. There are different levels of participation see session 3, Typology of Participationranging from passive participation where people are involved merely by providing information to others or by being told what is going to happen to active participation and self-mobilisation where people take initiatives independently.
Empowerment describes a progressive process of participation that enables local groups to take initiative and work actively in the interest of the community.
This goes far beyond simply widening access to decision making. It implies making people understand the reality of their situation, reflect on the factors that influence the situation, and - most critically - take steps to effect changes to improve it.
When applying or implementing participatory approaches, it is important to know how a particular technique is applied. But it is also important to understand the key principles that lie behind the technique see session 4 Key principles and which attitudes and behaviours are fundamental to a participatory process.
The following list identifies a number of attitudes which are particularly conducive to participatory processes. This leads them to different conclusions and actions see Session 4 Key principle "Multiple Perspective".
This suggests that everywhere there exists multiple descriptions and interpretations of real world phenomena, events and actions.
Accepting this phenomenon leads to a fundamental understanding for all participatory processes.
Everyone perceives different realities and therefore offers important contributions to a process. The different views of people can complement each other.
Where everybody thinks the same, there is not much thinking!!! This is preferable to the more common teaching or preaching attitude which suggests the feeling of "knowing it better". This "learning attitude" can be enhanced by acknowledging and respecting the opinion and experience of others.
This requires recognising local expertise and the special knowledge they have of their own living conditions.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Goals in Life - My whole life I have always wanted to become a successful engineer, and graduate from the University of Cincinnati.
Some of my goals in life are to go to the University of Cincinnati. Just imagine such a situation. An employee has been working for the company for 10 years on the same position, having the same knowledge and skills.
Module II Introducing Participatory Approaches, Methods and Tools. Þ This Module introduces the basics of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) along with some of the main tools commonly used in these and other participatory approaches.
1. Why do you think it is so difficult for managers to empower their people? 2. Discuss the similarities and differences between setting goals for other people and setting goals for yourself.
This research examines social factors implicated by social comparison theory to be involved in the setting of task performance goals. Participants conducted an error-checking task and selected Social Comparison in the Setting of Goals for Own and Others' Performance | SpringerLink.