See Article History Alternative Title: Graphic design is therefore a collaborative discipline:
History[ edit ] Hundreds of graphic designs of animals by prehistoric social groups in the Chauvet Cavelocated in the south of France, which were created earlier than 30, BCE;  similar designs in the Lascaux cave of France completed earlier than 14, BCE;  designs left by hunters in the Bhimbetka rock shelters in India before 7, BCE;  Aboriginal rock art in the Kakadu National Park of Australia;  and many other rock or cave paintings in other parts of the world show that graphic art emerged very early in the development of prehistoric human cultures worldwide.
This history — along with that of writing, which had begun at least by the late 4th millennium BCE — together constitute the foundation of graphic design.
Rock and cave art[ edit ] Drawing of horses in the Chauvet cave. Drawing of a horse in the Lascaux cave. A rock drawing in Bhimbetka India. Trust no brother, know no friend, make no intimates. This vignette small scene that illustrates the text is Chapter for not letting Ani's heart create opposition against him in the God's Domain.
Medieval religious illuminated manuscripts extensively feature graphics. Among these books are the Gospel books of Insular artcreated in the monasteries of the British Isles. The graphics in these books reflect the influence of the Animal style associated with the " barbarian " peoples of Northern Europe, with much use of interlace and geometric decoration.
A page from Lindisfarne Gospelsc. Its illuminations include an elaborate initial page for the Gospel of Matthew and portraits of MatthewMark and Luke. Late 8th century A graphic decoration in the Book of Kellsc.
Muslim scribes used black ink and golden paper to write and draw, using an angled alphabet called Kuffi, or Kufi. Such writings appeared in the 8th century and reached their apex in the 10th century. Later, decorations of the margins of pages, displaying a variety of graphic techniques, were added in order to beautify the book.
In the 12th century, the Naskh alphabet was invented; it featured curves instead of the angled lines of Kufi script. Graphic art in an Egyptian Qur'an of the 9th or 10th century.
An Iranian Qur'an of the 15th century found in Uzbekistan. A Qur'an featuring the Kuffi Alphabet of the 12th century. Calligraphy[ edit ] It has been suggested that calligraphy adds a mystical dimension to a text.
Such mysticism appears to be consistent with the feeling that a religious text tries to convey. Many religious texts therefore have appeared in calligraphic editions, in order to evoke a spiritual feeling in the reader.
The Japanese used calligraphy to write their haikus on decorative banners. Playing cards[ edit ] It is believed that playing cards were invented in China. Different European countries adopted different suit systems.
For instance, some Italian, Spanish and German decks of cards even today do not have queens. Lower production costs enabled the printed playing cards' quick exportation throughout Europe. The substitution of wood-block printing and hand coloring with copper-plate engraving during the 16th century was the next significant innovation in the manufacture of playing cards.
The mass printing of playing cards was revolutionized by the introduction of color lithography in the early 19th century. Germans introduced wooden blocks printing The extinct Ancbacher Nuremberg design by F.
German single-headed Schwerterkarte playing cards, by SA File: A northern Germany suit design of playing cards by ASS.
German art nouveau playing cards printed in Attenburg, Russian playing cards with Mayan Image, s. The Byzantine empirealthough marked by periodic revivals of a classical aesthetic of the art of the Roman empire and ancient Greek, was above all marked by the development of a new aesthetic which Josef Strzygowski viewed it as a product of "oriental" influences.
Byzantine art is more spiritual in content figures presented as representations of the soul rather than the body and yet more "worldly" in form with a show of gold, silver, precious and semi-precious stones. Frescoes in Nerezi near Skopje The Byzantine graphic art emerges from artists' attempt to convey divine spiritual statements.
The graphic represents the Christian narrative of salvation in stylized two dimensional elongated figures.
Here the graphic statement conveys the unification of the church and state. Mosaic from the church of Hagios Demetrios in Thessalonikilate 7th or early 8th century, showing St. Artists used highly decorative, symbolic, and flattened graphical representations of Christian saints by setting small pieces of colored glass into the mortar of the church walls at different angles to catch the light.
An heavenly atmosphere was created by using gold backgrounds together with haloed figures. Two-sided icon with the Virgin Psychosostria saver of souls and the Annunciation.Help me write my essay for free The title can be inferred from the beginning information about baby thesis technology of a chapter or page of a.
Graphics (from Greek γραφικός, graphikos) are visual statements committed to a surface, such as a wall, a canvas, pottery, a computer screen, paper, stone, even to the landscape grupobittia.com term "graphics" relates to the creation of signs, charts, logos, graphs, drawings, line art, symbols, geometric designs and so on.
Graphic design is the art or profession of combining text, pictures. History. Paleolithic ( Ma – 10 ka) A primitive chopper. The use of tools by early humans was partly a process of discovery and of evolution.
Early humans evolved Information technology subsequently led to the creation of the Internet, which ushered in . Student Essays and Term Papers.
Our sample essays and term papers can help you with your own research paper. We have thousands of papers online written by students just like you. A graphics card is the component of a computer that is responsible in displaying text and images in the monitor.
This piece of hardware can. The history of printing starts as early as BCE, when the Persian and Mesopotamian civilizations used cylinder seals to certify documents written in clay. Other early forms include block seals, pottery imprints and cloth printing.