Using commentary from diaries and journals of Civil War participants film reviews the military strategy and events surrounding the Battle of Glorieta Pass during the New Mexico Civil War campaign of This documentary juxtaposes newsreel footage, film clipsand period music in an eye-opening look at the GreatDepression. Many of the movies created in the sfeatured strong social commentary, while othersoffered pure escapism and fed a fascination with adazzling world out of reach to the everyday American.
Culture in the s: The Sexual Revolution During the s, some Americans—especially young college students—challenged traditional notions of proper behavior.
One of the symbols of this decade was the flapper, a name given to the fashionable, pleasure-seeking young women of the time. The archetypal flapper look was tomboyish and flamboyant: Although few women actually fit this image, it was used widely in journalism and advertising to represent the rebelliousness of the period.
These critics, however, soon found themselves facing much larger opposition as the older generations began to adopt some of the socially liberated practices of their children.
With new social thinking and activities came new social conventions. Most prominently among the youth of the s, sex became far less taboo than it had been previously. Sex was more openly discussed and premarital sex more common. Such activity led naturally to the promotion of birth control, though it was still widely illegal.
The sexual revolution brought with it changing ideas about women.
Female sexuality was less suppressed, skirt hems were worn higher, and makeup became more common. Traditional values, especially outside the cities, were not discarded completely, or even much changed. Prohibition The Eighteenth Amendment, which made it illegal to manufacture, sell, or transport alcoholic beverages, went into effect in January Enforcement of prohibition, however, was sporadic and underfunded and faced opposition in many states and cities, especially northern cities, where many prohibition laws were repealed.
Given this lax enforcement, many Americans viewed prohibition as something of a joke. Bootleggers smuggled liquor from the West Indies and Canada, while speakeasies in every city provided alcohol illegally.
Organized crime controlled the distribution of alcohol in major American cities, and gangsters such as Al Capone made a fortune while law enforcement officials often looked the other way. Prohibition fueled much debate within the United States until its repeal in In music, black culture expressed itself through jazz, an improvisational and spontaneous musical form derived in part from slave songs and African spirituals.
The s is often called the Jazz Age because jazz flourished and gained widespread appeal during the decade. Black artists explored the African American perspective through poetry and novels.
Harlem was the site of social activity as well as intellectual activity, as prominent and wealthy blacks hosted extravagant gatherings for Harlem Renaissance figures. The author who best represented this trend was F. Scott Fitzgerald, who wrote extensively about the rebellious youth of the Jazz Age in stories and novels such as This Side of Paradise, published inand The Great Gatsby, published in Jazz music originated in New Orleans in the "sub-style" of Dixieland Jazz.
Jazz is the hybrid of African and European influence. From African influence, jazz got its rhythm, "blues" quality, and traditions of playing or singing in one's own expressive way.
The Roaring Twenties refers to the decade of the s in Western society and Western culture. It was a period of economic prosperity with a distinctive cultural edge in the United States and Western Europe, particularly in major cities such as Berlin,  Chicago,  London,  Los Angeles,  New York City,  Paris,  and Sydney.
Jazz music originated in New Orleans in the "sub-style" of Dixieland Jazz. Jazz is the hybrid of African and European influence. From African influence, jazz got its rhythm, "blues" quality, and traditions of playing or singing in one's own expressive way.
This is a static page that is no longer maintained. 20th Century Overviews 's videography 's videography 's/30's videography US Politics & Government (includes videos about the US Presidency) Propaganda. Foundations of the Prolific Film Industry: Films really blossomed in the s, expanding upon the foundations of film from earlier years.
Most US film production at the start of the decade occurred in or near Hollywood on the West Coast, although some films were still being made in New Jersey and. Jazz first emerged in the early s in New Orleans then spread to Chicago, New York City, and elsewhere. The s is often called the Jazz Age because jazz flourished and gained widespread appeal during the decade.